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What this tutorial is about

This tutorial aims to walk you step-by-step through debugging a Java application with Chronon.

What this tutorial is not about

The basics of Java programming, and using Chronon are out of scope of this tutorial. Refer to the Chronon documentation for details.

Before you start...

First, it is essential to understand that Chronon is not literally a debugger - it only helps you record the execution progress and then play it back, like a videotape.

Second, make sure that:

  • You are working with IntelliJ IDEA version 13.1.
  • The Chronon plugin is downloaded and installed on your IntelliJ IDEA.

Preparing an example

Let’s see how Chronon works on a simple example of a two-thread class. One thread performs quick sorting, while the second thread performs bubble sorting.

First, create a project as described in the page Creating and running your first Java application.

Next, create a package with the name demo, and, finally, add Java classes to this package. The first class is called ChrononDemo.java and it performs two-threaded array sorting:

The second is the class QuickSort.java that performs quick sorting:

And, finally, the third one is the class BubbleSort.java that performs bubble sorting:

By the way, it is recommended to type the code manually, to see the magic IntelliJ IDEA's code completion in action.

Installing plugin

Open the Settings/Preferences dialog. To do that, click on the main toolbar, or press Ctrl+Alt+S. Under the IDE Settings, click the node Plugins.

The Chronon plugin is not bundled with IntelliJ IDEA, that's why you have to look for it in the JetBrains Plugins Repository. This is how it's done...

In the Plugins page, click the button Install JetBrains plugin... to download and install plugins from the JetBrains repository. In the Browse JetBrains Plugins dialog box, find the Chronon plugin - you can type the search string in the filter area:

Install the plugin and restart IntelliJ IDEA for the changes to take effect.

Changes to the UI

After restart, pay attention to following changes:

  • Dedicated Run with Chronon icon appears on the main toolbar. By now, this icon is disabled. It will become enabled as soon as the corresponding run/debug configuration appears.
  • Chronon tool window (which becomes available on launching a run/debug configuration with Chronon, or on opening a Chronon record).
  • Chronon tab appears in the run/debug configuration of the Application type (and some other types as well).
  • Run menu is extended with two commands:
    • Run <run/debug configuration name> with Chronon
    • Open Chronon recording
  • Run <run/debug configuration name> with Chronon command appears on the editor's context menu.

Creating run/debug configuration

To launch our application, we need a run/debug configuration. Let's create one.

On the main menu, choose Run→Edit Configuration, and in the Run/Debug Configurations dialog box, click . We are going to create a new run/debug configuration of the Application type, so select this type:

The new run/debug configuration based on the Application type appears. So far, it is unnamed and lacks reference to the class with the main method. Let's specify the missing information.

First, give this run/debug configuration a name. Let it be ChrononDemo. Next, press Shift+Enter and find the class with the main method ChrononDemo.java. This class resides in the package demo:

Defining include/exclude patterns

Next, click the tab Chronon. In this tab, you have to specify which classes IntelliJ IDEA should look at. This is done by Include / Exclude Patterns:

Now apply changes and close the dialog. The preliminary steps are ready.

Running with Chronon

OK, it's time to launch our application. To do that, either click the Chronon button on the main toolbar, or choose Run→Run with ChrononDemo with Chronon on the main menu.

Let's choose the first way:

First thing that you see is the Run tool window that shows Chronon messages:

It is important to note that a Chronon record is NOT created, when you terminate your application by clicking . If it is necessary to stop an application and still have a Chronon record, click the Exit button on the toolbar of the Run tool window.

Then the Chronon tool window appears - it look very much like the Debug tool window. In this tool window you see a record created by Chronon; so doing, each record shows in its own tab:

Opening an existing record

By the way, if you want to open one of the previous records, use Run→Open Chronon recording on the main menu, and then choose the desired record:

What can you do with a record?

In the Chronon tool window, you can:

Switch between threads

This is most easy - just switch to the Threads tab, and double-click the one you are interested in. The selected thread is shown in boldface in the list of threads; besides that, the information about the currently selected thread appears in the upper-right p[art of the Chronon tool window:

Step through the application

Actually, you can use either the stepping commands of the Run menu, or the stepping buttons of the Chronon tool window. Unlike the debugger that allows only stepping forward, Chronon makes it possible to step through the applications in the reverse direction also. So, besides the traditional stepping buttons, there is Step Backwards button and Run Backwards to Cursor button .

Use bookmarks

Suppose you've paused at a certain line, for example

in the main method of the class ChrononDemo.java:

You want to memorize this place, to be able to return to it from any other location. This is where the Bookmarks tab becomes helpful. In the Bookmarks tab, click . A bookmark for the current event and thread is created:

Next, when you are in a different place of the code, in a different tab of the Chronon record, clicking this bookmark in the Bookmarks tab will return you to this particular place.

Explore methods

If you look at the editor, you notice the icons in the left gutter next to the method declarations. Hovering the mouse pointer over such an icon shows a tooltip with the number of the recorded calls.

However, if you want to see a particular call event, select the desired thread in the Threads tab (remember - the selected thread is shown in upper right part of the Chronon tool window), then switch to the Method History tab, and track the execution history of a method, with the input and output data, which makes it easy to see how and where a method has been invoked:

Log values

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