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You are viewing documentation of TeamCity 5.x, which is not the most recent released version of TeamCity. Please refer to the listing to choose another version.
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Table of Contents

In this section:

Integrate with an Issue Tracker

Configure TeamCity integration with an issue tracker:

  1. In the TeamCity web UI, navigate to the Administration | Server Configuration page.
  2. Open the Issue Tracker tab.
  3. To establish connection between TeamCity and your issue tracker, click Create new connection.
  4. Specify the issue tracker you use: YouTrack, Jira or Bugzilla. If you use another issue tracker, please see Mapping External Links in Comments for configuration instructions.
  5. Specify the connection settings for the tracker.
  6. Test the connection then click Create.

Use issue tracker integration:

  • To map issues to change commits: When you're committing changes associated with an issue to your version control system, specify an issue ID in a comment to your commit, like this: fixed TW-12308. TeamCity will transform the issue ID into a link to the corresponding issue, and copy its summary right into the comment.
  • To view the issues mapped to the build: Open the build results page and go to the Issues tab.
  • To view the issue log for the build configuration: On the build configuration page, go to the Issue Log tab to review the issues mapped to the commits.

Install Multiple Agents on the Same Machine

TeamCity treats equally all agents no matter if they are installed on the same or on different machines. However, before installing several TeamCity build agents on the same machine, please consider the following:

  • Builds running on such agents should not conflict by any resource (common disk directories, OS processes, OS temp directories).
  • Depending on the hardware and the builds you may experience degraded builds' performance. Ensure there are no disk, memory, or CPU bottlenecks when several builds are run at the same time.

After having one agent installed, you can install additional agent by following the regular installation procedure, but make sure that:

  • The agents are installed in the separate directories.
  • They have distinctive work and temp directories.
  • Values for name and ownPort properties of buildAgent.properties are unique.

If you are installing additional agents as services under Windows, modify the <agent>\launcher\conf\wrapper.conf: wrapper.console.title, wrapper.ntservice.name, wrapper.ntservice.displayname and wrapper.ntservice.description properties should have unique values within the computer.

Moreover, make sure you don't have build configurations with absolute checkout directory specified (alternatively, make sure such build configurations have "clean checkout" option enabled and they cannot be run in parallel).

Watch Several TeamCity Servers with Windows Tray Notifier

TeamCity Tray Notifier is used normally to watch builds and receive notifications from a single TeamCity server. However, if you have more than one TeamCity server and want to monitor them with Windows Tray Notifier simultaneously, you need to start a separate instance of Tray Notifier for each of the servers from the command line with the /allowMultiple option:

  • From the TeamCity Tray Notifier installation folder (by default, it's C:\Program Files\JetBrains\TeamCity run the following command:
    Optionally, for each of the Tray Notifier instances you can explicitly specify the URL of the server to connect using the /server option. Otherwise, for each further tray notifier instance you will need to log out and change server's URL via UI.

See also details in the issue tracker.

Move TeamCity Installation to a New Machine

If you need to move existing TeamCity installation to a new hardware or clean OS, it is recommended to follow instructions on copying the server from one machine to another and then switch from the old server to a new one. If you are sure you do not need the old server data you can probably perform move operations instead of copying.

A usual advice is not to combine TeamCity update with any other actions like environment or hardware changes and perform the changes one at a time so that if something goes wrong the cause can be easily tracked.


Switching from one server to another
Please note that TeamCity Data Directory and database should be used by a single TeamCity instance at any given moment. If you configured new TeamCity instance to use the same data, please ensure you shutdown and disable old TeamCity instance before staring a new one.

Generally it is recommended to use a domain name to access the server (in agent configuration and when users access TeamCity web UI). This way you can update the DNS entry to make the address resolve to the IP address of the new server and after all cached DNS results expire, all clients will be automatically using the new server.

However, if you need to use another server address, you will need:

  • Switch agents to new URL (requires updating serverUrl property in buildAgent.properties on each agent).
  • Upon new server startup do not forget to update Server URL on Server configuration administration page.
  • Notify all TeamCity users to use the new address

Share the build number for builds in a chain build

Suppose you have build configurations A and B that you want to build in sync: use same sources and take the same build number.
Solution:

  1. Create a build configuration C, then snapshot dependencies: A on C and B on C.
  2. Set the Build number format in A and B to:
    Where <btID> is the internal ID of the build configuration C. Please refer to the Build Configuration page for description of how to determine build configuration ID.

Read more about dependency properties.

We plan to provide more option on build number sharing. Please watch/comment on TW-7745.

Use an external tool that my build relies on

If you need to use specific external tool to be installed on a build agent to run your builds, you have the following options:

  • Check in the tool into the version control and use relative paths.
  • Create a separate build configuration with a single "fake" build which would contain required files as artifacts, then use artifact dependencies to send files to the target build.
  • Install and register the tool in TeamCity:
    1. Install the tool on all the agents that will run the build.
    2. Add env. or system. property into buildAgent.properties file (or add environment variable to the system).
    3. Add agent requirement for the property in the build configuration.
    4. Use the property in the build script.
  • Add environment preparation stage into the build script to get the tool form elsewhere.

Change Server Port

See corresponding section in server installation instructions.

Make temporary build files erased between the builds

Update your build script to use path stored in ${teamcity.build.tempDir} (Ant's style name) property as the temp directory. TeamCity agent creates the directory before the build and deletes it right after the build.

Retrieve Administrator Password

On the first start TeamCity displays Administrator Setup page. TeamCity installation should always have a user with System Administrator role in the current authentication scheme.

In rare cases on user authorization scheme switch there can be no System Administrator on the system. In this case you may setup one as follows:

  1. access directly the URL: http://<your_TeamCity_server>/setupAdmin.html
  2. create new account (it should not match any existing user account in the system) for the System Administrator role.

If you forgot Administrator password and use internal database, you can reset the password using the instructions.

Ho do I clear build queue if it got too many builds due to a configuration error

Try pausing the build configuration that has the builds queued. On build configuration pausing all its builds are removed form the queue.
Since TeamCity 5.1 there is an ability to delete many builds from the build queue in a single dialog.

Estimate hardware requirements for TeamCity

The hardware requirements differ for the server and the agents.

The agent hardware requirements are basically determined by the builds that are run. Running TeamCity agent software introduces requirement for additional CPU time (but it can usually be neglected comparing to the build process CPU requirements) and additional memory: about 150Mb. Although, you can run build agent on the same machine as the TeamCity server, the recommended approach is to use a separate machine (though, it may be virtual) for each build agent.

The server hardware requirements depend on the server load, which in its turn depends significantly on the type of the builds and server usage. Consider the following general guidelines.

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  • If you decide to run external database at the same machine with the server, consider hardware requirements with database engine requirements in mind.
  • If you face some TeamCity-related Performance issues, they should probably be investigated and addressed individually. e.g. if builds generate too much data, server disk system might need upgrade both by size and speed characteristics.

Overview on the TeamCity hardware resources usage:

  • CPU: TeamCity utilizes multiple cores of the CPU, so increasing number of cores makes sense.
  • Memory: See a note on memory usage. Consider also that required memory may depend on the JVM used (32 bit or 64 bit).
  • HDD/disk usage: This sums up from the temp directory usage (<TeamCity home>/temp and OS temp directory) and .BuildServer/system usage. Performance of the TeamCity server highly depends on the disk system performance. As TeamCity stores large amounts of data under .BuildServer/system (most notably, VCS caches and build results) it is important that the access to the disk is fast. (e.g. please pay attention to this if you plan to store the data directory on a network drive).
  • Network: This mainly sums up from the traffic from VCS servers, to clients (web browsers, IDE, etc.) and to/from build agents (send sources, receive build results, logs and artifacts).

The load on the server depends on:

  • number of build configurations;
  • number of builds in the history;
  • number of the builds running daily;
  • amount of data generated by the builds (size of the build log, number and output size of unit tests, number of inspections and duplicates hits etc.);
  • number of agents and their utilization percentage;
  • number of users having TeamCity web pages open;
  • number of users logged in from IDE plugin;
  • number and type of VCS roots as well as checking for changes interval for the VCS roots. VCS checkout mode is relevant too: server checkout mode generates greater server load. Specific types of VCS also affect server load, but they can be roughly estimated based on native VCS client performance;
  • number of changes detected by TeamCity per day in all the VCS roots.

Based on our experience, a modest hardware like 3.2 dual core CPU, 3.2Gb memory under Windows, 1Gb network adapter can provide acceptable performance for the following setup:

  • 60 projects and 300 build configurations (with one forth being active and running regularly);
  • more then 300 builds a day;
  • about 2Mb log per build;
  • 50 build agents;
  • 50 web users and 30 IDE users;
  • 100 VCS roots (mainly Perforce and Subversion using server checkout), average checking for changes interval is 120 seconds;
  • more then 150 changes per day;
  • the database (MySQL) is running on the same machine, main TeamCity process has -Xmx1100m -XX:MaxPermSize=120m JVM settings.

However, to ensure peak load can be handled well, more powerful hardware is recommended.

HDD free space requirements are mainly determined by the number of builds stored on the server and the artifacts size/build log size in each.

If the builds generate large number of data (artifacts/build log/test data), using fast hard disk for storing .BuildServer/system directory and fast network between agents and server are recommended.

The general recommendation for deploying large-scale TeamCity installation is to start with a reasonable hardware and add more projects to the server gradually, monitoring the performance characteristics and deciding on necessary hardware or software improvements. Anyway, best administration practices are recommended like keeping adequate disk defragmentation level, etc.

If you consider cloud deployment for TeamCity agents (e.g. on Amazon EC2), please also review Setting Up TeamCity for Amazon EC2#Estimating EC2 Costs

Setup TeamCity in Replication/Clustering Environment

TeamCity does not provide specific support for any of replication/high availability or clustering solutions; however you can replicate the data that TeamCity server uses and prepare to start a new server using the same data if existing server malfunctions.

When setting up TeamCity in a replication environment please note that TeamCity uses both database and file storage to save data. You can browse through TeamCity Data Backup and TeamCity Data Directory pages in to get more information on TeamCity data storing.

Basically, both TeamCity data directory on disk and database that TeamCity uses should remain in a consistent state and thus should be replicated together.

Only single TeamCity server instance should use database and data directory at any time.

Please also ensure that the distribution of the backup server is of exactly the same version as the main server.

See also information on switching from one server to another.

Move TeamCity projects from one server to another.

Generally, moving projects to a server that already have projects/build configurations configured is not supported. For addressing simple cases manually, please see a comment.

Automatically create or change TeamCity build configuration settings

If you need a level of automation and web administration UI does not suite your needs, there are two possibilities:

  • change configuration files directly on disk (see more at TeamCity Data Directory)
  • write a TeamCity Java plugin that will perform the tasks using open API.

Attach Cucumber reporter to Ant build

If you use Cucumber for Java applications testing you should run cucumber with --expand and special --format options. More over you should specify RUBYLIB environment variable pointing on necessary TeamCity Rake Runner ruby scripts:

If you are launching Cucumber tests using Rake build language TC will add all necessary cmdline parameters and env. variables automatically.
P.S: This tip works in TeamCity version >= 5.0.

Get last successful build number

Use URL like this:

The build number will be returned as a plain-text response.
For <internal ID of build configuration>, see Build Configuration#Build Configuration ID.
This functionality is provided by REST API

Create a copy of TeamCity server with all data

One of the ways to create a copy of the server is to create a backup, then install a new TeamCity server of the same version that you already run, ensure you have appropriate environment configured, ensure that the server uses own TeamCity Data Directory and database and then restore the backup.
This way, the backup will not contain:

  • the build artifacts, so if you need them, you will need to copy .BuildServer/system/artifacts from the original server to the copied server.
  • .BuildServer/plugins - copy the directory if you have it
  • .BuildServer/lib - copy the directory if you have it

If you do not want to use bundled backup functionality or need manual control over the process, here is a description of the general steps you will usually need to make to create copy of the server:

  1. create a backup so that you can restore it if anything goes wrong
  2. ensure the server is not running
  3. either perform clean installation or copy TeamCity binaries (TeamCity home directory) into the new place temp and work subdirectories can be omitted during copying). Use exactly the same TeamCity version. If you plan to upgrade after copying, perform the upgrade only after you have existing version up and running.
  4. transfer relevant environment if it was specially modified for existing TeamCity installation. This might include:
    • if you run TeamCity with OS startup (e.g. Windows service), make sure all the same configuration is performed on the new machine
    • use the same TeamCity process launching options
    • use appropriate OS user account for running TeamCity server process with appropriately configured settings, global and file system permissions
    • transfer OS security settings if required
    • ensure any files/settings that were configured in TeamCity web UI are accessible; put necessary libraries/files inside TeamCity installation if they were put there earlier)
  5. copy TeamCity Data Directory. If you do not need the full copy, refer to the items below for optional items.
    • .BuildServer/config to preserve projects and build configurations settings
    • .BuildServer/lib and .BuildServer/plugins if you have them
    • files from the root of .BuildServer/system (most importantly, version.dat). The file license.keys contains license key, and you can copy it only if you make the copy for backup/evaluation purposes.
    • .BuildServer/system/messages (optional) if you want build logs (including tests failure details) preserved on the new server
    • .BuildServer/system/artifacts (optional) if you want build artifacts preserved on the new server
    • .BuildServer/system/changes (optional) if you want personal changes preserved on the new server
    • .BuildServer/system/caches and .BuildServer/system/caches (optional) are not necessary to copy to the new server, they will be recreated on startup, but can take some time to be rebuilt (expect some slow down).
  6. create copy of the database that your TeamCity installation is using in new schema or new database server
  7. configure new TeamCity installation to use proper TeamCity Data Directory and database (.BuildServer/config/database.properties points to a copy of the database)

Note: if you want to do a quick check and do not want to preserve builds history on the new server you can skip step 6 (cloning database) and all items of the step 5 marked as optional.

At this point you should be ready to run the copy TeamCity server.

Please note that TeamCity Data Directory and database should be used by a single TeamCity instance at any given moment. If you configured new TeamCity instance to use the same data, please ensure you shutdown and disable old TeamCity instance before staring a new one.

  1. run new TeamCity server
  2. upon new server startup do not forget to update Server URL on Server configuration administration page. You will also probably need to modify Email and Jabber notification sending settings to prevent new server from sending out notifications
  3. if you need the services on the copied server check that email, jabber and VCS servers are accessible from the new installation.
  4. install new agents (or select some form the existing ones) and configure them to connect to the new server (using new server URL)

Test-drive newer TeamCity version before upgrade

It's advised to try new TeamCity version before upgrading your production server. Usual procedure is to create a copy of your production TeamCity installation, then upgrade it, try the things out and when everything is checked, drop the test server and upgrade the main one.

How do I choose OS/platform for TeamCity server?

Once the server/OS fulfills the requirements, TeamCity can run on any system. Please also review the requirements for the integrations you plan to use (e.g. integration with Microsoft TFS and VSS will work only under MS Windows)

If you have no preference, Linux platforms may be more preferable due to more effective file system operations and the level of required general OS maintenance.

Final Operating System choice should probably depend more on the available resources and established practices in your organization.

If you choose to install 64 bit OS, TeamCity can run under 64 bit JDK (both server and agent).
However, unless you need to provide more then 1Gb memory for TeamCity, the recommended approach is to use 32 bit JVM even under 64 bit OS. Our experience suggests that using 64 bit JVM does not increase performance a great deal. At the same time it does increase memory requirements to almost the scale of 2. See a note on memory configuration.

How do I set up deployment for my application in TeamCity

  1. Write a build script that will perform the deployment task for the binary files available on the disk. (e.g. use Ant for this)
  2. Create a build configuration in TeamCity that will execute the build script.
  3. In this build configuration configure artifact dependency on a build that produces binaries that need to be deployed
  4. Configure one of the available triggers if you need the deployment to be triggered automatically (e.g. to deploy last successful of last pinned build), or use "Promote" action in the build that produces the binaries that need to be deployed.
  5. If you need to parametrize the deployment (e.g. specify different target machines in different runs), pass parameters to the build script using custom build run dialog