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Several predefined GroovyDSL methods are used in this code fragment. enclosingCall(methodName) call returns a mathod invocation expression of a given context with a name, matching methodName or null otherwise. delegatesTo method takes an expression and adds all member of its type to the augmented class reference. In the given example this is enclosing clousreclosure, since the context's scope is defined as closureScope().

Contexts and contributors

In this section we give an overview of two main GroovyDSL concepts: contexts and contributors
In GroovyDSL context is an entity which is supposed to give an answer to the question ``Where?''. In other words, defining context one describes a place, where some behavior will be available without any reference to the kind of this behavior. The context may be considered as a groovy program with a ``hole'', which stays for a method or property invocation. Contexts are first-order citizens in GroovyDSL, so they may be stored in local script variables and passed as parameters.

Code Block

def ctx = context ctype: <ctype>,
                  filetypes: [<file_ext>*],
                  scope: <scope>,

Context definition in GroovyDSL is nothing but an invocation of a predefined method context with four optional arguments, each of which may be omitted. Without any arguments given invocation of context method returns the definition of an empty context, which has a meaning ``everywhere''. Below we describe possible values of optional parameters (in angle brackets).

Reference class type <ctype> A string, representing a fully qualified name of a class type to be augmented with the new behavior. This change affects both qualified and unqualified calls to methods and properties of a given class. In the case of an unqualified invocation, <ctype> is thought as a type of this reference. If this argument is omitted, java.lang.Object class type is taken as a type to be augmented.
Supported file types <file_ext>* A possible empty list of comma-separated file extensions passed as strings or GString instances with an opening dot or without it. Since some dynamic behavior may be scoped only in specific groovy-like files with a specific file extension, for instance, Gant scripts, providing an explicit extension list gives a way to describe such cases. If this argument is omitted, file extension is taken to be ``.groovy'' by default.
Context scope <scope> A scope of a current context. If no scope passed to a context, it is assumed to capture all possible places, where other conditions are applicable. It may be of three different kinds:

1. scriptScope(name : <name>) The scope of a behavior defined in this context is available in a script body as well as in its inner closures, for instance, ones which are passed as method arguments. scriptScope() method takes one optional parameter <name> which should be a string, GString or a regular expression. In a presence of this argument appropriate script names will be matched against it. By default the value of this parameter is an all-matching regular expression.

2. classScope(name : <name>) Restricts the scope of an actual behavior to the class with some particular properties, such as <name> (rules for class naming filter are same as for ScriptScope).

3. closureScope(isArg: Boolean) This scope describes Groovy's closure blocks. There is an important case of closure, passed as a parameter to a method, replacing its delegate, which allows to invoke callee's unqualified methods in a body of closure. The typical example of such a behavior is identity() method of groovy.lang.GroovyObject class. This case may be captured by passing an optional named parameter isArg to the closure

Contributors are entities which consumes contexts as initialization parameters and answer to the question ``What?''. Contributors provide new properties and methods according to given contexts. We provide a set of utility methods to augment existing types with new behavior, which may be used in a contributor application as regular Groovy methods. New contributor may be defined by an invocation of a method contributor(), taking two parameters:
1. A list of contexts to be used to contribute a new behavior
2. One-argument closure, taking a contexts and adding new behavior to the reference expression ``in the focus'' of a context

Th code fragment below shows the definition of a contributor, taking a list of three contexts, defined earlier, namely ctx1 and ctx2 and one closure, which adds unconditionally the method foo with a parameter of type java.lang.String and return type int to the target expression of a context.

Code Block

contributor [ctx1, ctx2], {
 method name: "foo", 
        params: [s: "java.lang.String"], 
        type: "int"

Describing GroovyDSL internal language in its own terms