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Using a typesystem

If you have defined a typesystem for a language, a typechecker will automatically use it in editors to highlight opened nodes with errors and warnings. You may additionally want also to use the information about types in queries, like editor actions, generator queries, etc. You may want to use the type of a node, or you may want to know whether a certain type is a subtype of another one, or you may want to find a supertype of a type which has a given form.

Type Operation

You may obtain a type of a node in your queries using type operation. Just write <expr>.type, where <expr> is an expression which is evalouated to a node.

Do not use type operation inside inference rules and inference methods! Inference rules are used to compute types, and type operation returns an already computed type.

Is Subtype expression

To inspect whether one type is a subtype of another one, use "is subtype" expression. Write isSubtype( type1 :< type2 ) or isStrongSubtype( type1 :<< type2 ), it will return "true" if type1 is a subtype of type2, or if type1 is a strong subtype of type2, respectively.

Coerce expression

A result of a coerce expression is a boolean value which says whether a certain type may be coerced to a given form, i.e. whether this type has a supertype which has a given form (satisfies a certain condition). A condition could be written either as a reference to a concept declaration, that means that a sought-for supertype should be an instance of this concept; or as a pattern, which a sought-for supertype matches with.
A coerce expression is written coerce( type :< condition ) or coerceStrong( type :<< condition ), what is a condition has just been discussed above.

Coerce Statement

A coerce statement consists of a list of statements which are executed if a certain type can be coerced to a certain form. It is written as following:

coerce ( type :< condition ) {
} else {

If a type can be coerced so as to satisfy a condition, first block will be executed, otherwise a block after "else" will be executed. The supertype to which a type is coerced can be used inside the first block of coerce statement. If a condition is a pattern and contains some pattern variables which match with parts of the supertype to which a type is coerced, such pattern variables can also be used inside the first block of the coerce statement.

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