TeamCity Amazon EC2 integration allows to configure TeamCity with your Amazon account and then start and stop images with TeamCity agents on-demand based on the queued builds.
Once a cloud profile is configured in TeamCity with one or several images, TeamCity does a test start for all the new images to learn about the agents configured on them.
Once agents are connected, TeamCity stores their parameters to be able to correctly process build configurations-to-agents compatibility.
For each queued build, TeamCity first tries to start it on one of the regular, non-cloud agents. If there are no usual agents available, TeamCity finds a matching cloud image with a compatible agent and starts a new instance for the image. TeamCity ensures that cloud profile number of running instances limit is not exceeded.
Once an agent is connected from a cloud instance started by TeamCity, it is automatically authorized (provided there are available agent licenses). After that the agent is processed as a regular agent.
If running timeout is configured on the cloud profile and it is reached, the instance is terminated. Since TeamCity 7.1, if EBS-based instance id is specified in the images list, the instance is stopped instead. On instance terminating/stopping, its disconnected agent is removed from authorized agents list and is deleted from the system.
Understanding Amazon EC2 and ability to perform EC2 tasks is a prerequisite for configuring and using TeamCity Amazon EC2 integration.
Basic TeamCity EC2 setup involves:
- preparing Amazon EC2 image (AMI) with installed TeamCity agent
- configuring EC2 integration on TeamCity server
|Please note that the number of EC2 agents is limited by the total number of agent licenses you have in TeamCity.|
Please ensure that the server URL specified on Global Settings page in Administration area is correct since agents will use it to connect to the server.
If you need TeamCity to use proxy to access EC2 services, please read on a current workaround in the dedicated issue.
Here are the requirements for an image that can be used for TeamCity cloud integration:
- TeamCity agent should be correctly installed.
- TeamCity agent should start on machine startup
- buildAgent.properties can be left "as is". "serverUrl", "name" and "authorizationToken" properties can be empty or set to any value, they are ignored when TeamCity starts the instance.
Provided these requirements are met, usual TeamCity agent installation and cloud-provider image bundling procedures are applicable.
If you need the connection between the server and the agent machine to be secure, you will need to setup the agent machine to establish a secure tunnel (e.g. VPN) to the server on boot so that TeamCity agent receives data via the secure channel.
Recommended image (e.g. Amazon AMI) preparation steps:
- Choose one of existing generic images.
- Start the image.
- Configure the running instance:
- Install and configure build agent:
- Configure server name and agent name in conf/buildAgent.properties — this is optional, if the image will be started by TeamCity, but it is useful to test the agent is configured correctly.
- It usually makes sense to specify tempDir and workDir in conf/buildAgent.properties to use non-system drive (d: under Windows)
- Install any additional software necessary for the builds on the machine.
- Run the agent and check it is working OK and is compatible with all necessary build configurations, etc.
- Configure system so that agent it is started on machine boot (and make sure TeamCity server is accessible on machine boot).
- For Amazon EC2 on Windows, it could be necessary to add a dependency from TeamCity Build Agent service to the EC2Config service
- Install and configure build agent:
- Test the setup by rebooting machine and checking that the agent connects normally to the server.
- Prepare the Image for bundling:
- Remove any temporary/history information in the system.
- Stop the agent (under Windows stop the service but leave it in Automatic startup type)
- Delete content logs and temp directories in agent home (optional)
- Delete "<Agent Home>/conf/amazon-*" file (optional)
- Change config/buildAgent.properties to remove properties: name, serverUrl, authorizationToken (optional). serverUrl can be removed for EC2 integration plugins. Other plugins might require that it is present and set to correct value.
- Make a new image from the running instance (or just stop it for Amazon EBS images).
- Configure TeamCity Cloud (e.g. Amazon EC2) support on TeamCity server.
Agent auto-upgrade Note
TeamCity agent auto-upgrades whenever distribution of agent plugins on the server changes (e.g. after TeamCity upgrade). If you want to cut agent startup time, you might want to re-bundle the agent AMI after agent plugins has been auto-updated.
Usual Amazon EC2 pricing applies. Please note that Amazon charges can depend on the specific configuration implemented to deploy TeamCity. We advice you to check your configuration and Amazon account data regularly in order to discover and prevent unexpected charges as early as possible.
Please note that traffic volumes and necessary server and agent machines characteristics depend a big deal on the TeamCity setup and nature of the builds run. See also How To...#Estimate hardware requirements for TeamCity.
Here are some points to help you estimate TeamCity-related traffic:
- If TeamCity server is not located within the same EC2 region or availability zone that is configured in TeamCity EC2 settings for agents, traffic between the server and agent is subject to usual Amazon EC2 external traffic charges.
- When estimating traffic please bear in mind that there are lots types of traffic related to TeamCity (see a non-complete list below).
External connections originated by server:
- VCS servers
- Email and Jabber servers
- Maven repositories
Internal connections originated by server:
- TeamCity agents (checking status, sending commands, retrieving information like thread dumps, etc.)
External connections originated by agent:
- VCS servers (in case of agent-side checkout)
- Maven repositories
- any connections performed from the build process itself
Internal connections originated by agent:
- TeamCity server (retrieving build sources in case of server-side checkout or personal builds, downloading artifacts, etc.)
Usual connections served by the server:
- web browsers
- IDE plugins
As Amazon rounds machine uptime to the nearest full hour, please adjust timeout setting on the EC2 image setting on TeamCity cloud integration settings according to your usual builds length.
It is also highly recommended to set execution timeout for all your builds so that a build hanging does not cause prolonged instance running with no payload.